Glossary

Ako
To learn
Arataki
To lead or guide
Atua Māori
Māori god(s)
Awhi
To embrace
Haere mai
A greeting “welcome” or “come”
Hāngi
Earth oven
Hapori
Community
Harakeke
Flax
Kai
Food or to eat
Kapa haka
Māori performing arts group
Karakia
Incantation or prayer (modern day)
Kawhe
Coffee
Kiriata
Film or movie
Ko Aotearoa Tēnei
This is New Zealand
Kōhine
Girl
Korowai
A type of Māori cloak
Kōwhaiwhai
Painted scroll ornamentation, commonly found on the heke (rafters) of whare nui (Māori meeting houses)
Mahi toi
Visual arts
Māhorahora
Without restraint / natural / free
Mana whenua
Iwi with authority over land or territory
Manuwhiri
Visitor
Māori
The indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand
Marae
The forecourt of a meeting house
Maramataka
The Māori lunar calendar
Matariki
The Māori name for Pleiades or The Seven Sisters. Matariki marks the beginning of the Māori New Year when it appears in the north-eastern sky, before sunrise.
Mirimiri
Massage
Mōkihi
A traditional raft made of raupō (bulrush)
Nau mai, haere mai!
Welcome, welcome!
Ngāi Tahu
Iwi from much of the South Island
Ngāti Maniapoto
Iwi from King Country
Ngāti Paoa
Iwi from Tāmaki and Hauraki
Ngāti Porou
Iwi from the East Coast area north of Gisborne to Tihirau
Ngāti Tamaoho
Iwi from north of the Tamaki Isthmus to south of the Waikato River, to the Whangamarino wetlands. Their area extends from the west coast to the Hauraki Gulf/Firth of Thames
Ngā Tohu o Uenuku
Māngere Arts Centre
Pā harakeke
A metaphor for whānau and the gene pools inherited by children from their two parents and the passing of attributes down the generations
Pākeha
New Zealander of European descent
Pātea
Doubtful Sound, Fiordland
Pepeha
A boast or assertion
Poi
A light ball on the end of a string which is swung or twirled rhythmically to song
Pou
Pole
Pou tāhuhu
Carved pole (artwork)
Pōwhiri
Ceremonial welcome
Puāwai
To blossom
Putiputi
A flower
Raranga
To weave
Raranga whakairo
Weaving patterns
Rārangi Upoko
Contents
Raupō
Wetland reed/bulrush
Rohe
Region/district
Romiromi
Massage
Rongoa Māori
Māori medicine
Rōpū
Group/team
Ruahine
Elderly woman
Taiao
Natural environment
Tāmaki
Central Auckland
Tāmaki Makaurau
Auckland region
Tāmaki Paenga Hira
Auckland War Memorial Museum
Tamapahore
Son of Kohe (Ngāti Paoa) and Huarangi (Ngāi Huatau) and younger half-brother of Tamapahure
Tamapahure
Son of Takawai (Ngāi Tāhuhu) and Huarangi and older half-brother to Tamapahore.
Tamariki
Children
Tamariki mā
Children
Tā moko
Traditional Māori tattoo
Tāngata whenua
Indigenous people/people of the land
Taonga puoro
Musical instrument
Te Ao Māori
The Māori World
Te Ara Rama
The Light Trail
Te Kawerau a Maki
Iwi of Auckland’s Waitākere region
Te Korakora
The Spark
Te Puni Kōkiri
The Ministry of Māori Development
Te reo Māori
The Māori language
Te Wiki o te Reo Maori
Māori Language Week
Tīpuna
Ancestor
Tohunga whakairo
Master carver
Toi o Tāmaki
Auckland Art Gallery
Toi Tū
Studio One
Tupuna
Ancestor
Tūrama
To light
Tūrangawaewae
A place where one has rights of residence and belonging through kinship and whakapapa
Wahine
Woman
Waiata
Song or verb to sing
Waka
Canoe or modern use for vehicle
Whaikōrero
A formal speech
Whakairo
A carving, to carve
Whakapapa
Genealogy
Whakatoi
To tease/be mischievous. In the context of the festival whakatoi is to ‘challenge the mind’
Whānau
Family
Whare Tapere
Theatre
Whare whakairo
Carved meeting-house
Whatu korowai
To weave a cloak
Whenua
Land
Whiriwhiri
To weave